Monday, 14 September 2015

Tribes and Ethnic Groups in Nigeria

Nigerian Tribes
Nigeria is Africa's most populous country and has one of the largest aggregation of ethnic groups in Africa. There are more than 300 Nigerian tribes and among the largest include Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Annang, Tiv, Ibibio, Etsako and Efik.

While most people are very much aware of the three major tribes in Nigeria; Hausa Igbo and Yoruba, there are countless number of other that are yet in obscurity

Other Nigerian tribes apart from the ones listed above constitute a smaller percentage of the total number of people from all the tribes in Nigeria. Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo make up about 70% of the population of Nigeria.

These Nigeran tribes have different cultures carried on by their people thereby contribution to the immense cultural diversity seen in the country.


Hausa-Fulani
Hausa Tribe
Hausa is the largest tribe in Nigeria making up about 29% of Nigeria's population. They are the major inhabitants of about 10 state in Nigeria which includes; Bauchi, Borno, Niger,Taraba, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Sokoto with traces in several other parts of the country.

No two tribes in Nigeria have exactly the same language but the Hausa language originated and forms part of the Chadic family of Languages which is similar but distantly related to Hebrew and Arabic. In recent times, because of the close similarities between the cultures and lifestyle of Hausa and Fulani, they are often regarded to as Hausa-Fulani.


Yoruba
Yoruba Tribe
The Yorubas are the second amongst other Nigeria tribes, Yoruba tribe constitute almost 21% of the population of Nigeria and this translates to about 40 million people. They inhabit the southwestern part of Nigeria but also live in other countries in West AFrica including Benin, Ghana, Togo and surprisingly, the Caribbean.

They are well involved in arts and have a long history of peotry and between 1100 to 1700, they made impressive bronze sculptures, most of which were made to represent the heads of gods and rulers. They also made lots of beadwork, metalwork, weaving and mask making.


Igbo
Igbo Tribe
The Igbos are the third largest tribe in Nigeria, they are the Nigeria industrialists. Historically, they were from Nri Kingdom, one of the oldest Kingdoms in Nigeria.

The Igbos are industrious and made bronze ceremonial vessels as part of the culture and heritage dated back to the stone age. Geographically, the Igbo land occupes most of the South Eastern Nigerian.


List of Tribes in Nigeria


Tribe Name
State
1
Abayon
Cross River State
2
Abua (Odual)
Rivers State
3
Achipa (Achipawa)
Kebbi State
4
Adim
Cross River
5
Adun
Cross River
6
Affade
Yobe State
7
Afizere
Plateau State
8
Afo
Plateau State
9
Agbo
Cross River
10
Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk)
Cross River
11
Akweya-Yachi
Benue State
12
Alago (Arago)
Plateau State
13
Amo
Plateau State
14
Anaguta
Plateau State
15
Anang
Akwa lbom State
16
Andoni
Akwa lbom State, Rivers State
17
Angas
Bauchi State, Jigawa State, Plateau State
18
Ankwei
Plateau State
19
Anyima
Cross River
20
Attakar (ataka)
Kaduna State
21
Auyoka (Auyokawa)
Jigawa State
22
Awori
Lagos State, Ogun State
23
Ayu
Kaduna State
24
Babur
Adamawa State, Borno State,
Taraba State, Yobe State
25
Bachama
Adamawa State
26
Bachere
Cross River
27
Bada
Plateau State
28
Bade
Yobe State
29
Bahumono
Cross River
30
Bakulung
Taraba State
31
Bali
Taraba State
32
Bambora (Bambarawa)
Bauchi State
33
Bambuko
Taraba State
34
Banda (Bandawa)
Taraba State
35
Banka (Bankalawa)
Bauchi State
36
Banso (Panso)
Adamawa State
37
Bara (Barawa)
Bauchi State
38
Barke
Bauchi State
39
Baruba (Barba)
Niger State
40
Bashiri (Bashirawa)
Plateau State
41
Bassa
Kaduna State, Kogi State, Niger State, Plateau State
42
Batta
Adamawa State
43
Baushi
Niger State
44
Baya
Adamawa State
45
Bekwarra
Cross River
46
Bele (Buli, Belewa)
Bauchi State
47
Betso (Bete)
Taraba State
48
Bette
Cross River
49
Bilei
Adamawa State
50
Bille
Adamawa State
51
Bina (Binawa)
Kaduna State
52
Bini
Edo State
53
Birom
Plateau State
54
Bobua
Taraba State
55
Boki (Nki)
Cross River
56
Bkkos
Plateau State
57
Boko (Bussawa, Bargawa)
Niger State
58
Bole (Bolewa)
Bauchi State, Yobe State
59
Botlere
Adamawa State
60
Boma (Bomawa, Burmano)
Bauchi State
61
Bomboro
Bauchi State
62
Buduma
Borno State, Niger State
63
Buji
Plateau State
64
Buli
Bauchi State
65
Bunu
Kogi State
66
Bura
Adamawa State
67
Burak
Bauchi State
68
Burma (Burmawa)
Plateau State
69
Buru
Yobe State
70
Buta (Butawa)
Bauchi State
71
Bwall
Plateau State
72
Bwatiye
Adamawa State
73
Bwazza
Adamawa State
74
Challa
Plateau State
75
Chama (Chamawa Fitilai)
Bauchi State
76
Chamba
Taraba State
77
Chamo
Bauchi State
78
Chibok (Chibbak)
Yobe State
79
Chinine
Borno State
80
Chip
Plateau State
81
Chokobo
Plateau State
82
Chukkol
Taraba State
83
Daba
Adamawa State
84
Dadiya
Bauchi State
85
Daka
Adamawa State
86
Dakarkari
Niger State, Kebbi State
87
Danda (Dandawa)
Kebbi State
88
Dangsa
Taraba State
89
Daza (Dere, Derewa)
Bauchi State
90
Degema
Rivers State
91
Deno (Denawa)
Bauchi State
92
Dghwede
Borno State
93
Diba
Taraba State
94
Doemak (Dumuk)
Plateau State
95
Ouguri
Bauchi State
96
Duka (Dukawa)
Kebbi State
97
Duma (Dumawa)
Bauchi State
98
Ebana (Ebani)
Rivers State
99
Ebira
Edo State, Kogi State, Ondo State
100
Ebu
Edo State, Kogi State
101
Ebu
Edo State, Kogi State
102
Efik
Cross River
103
Egbema
Rivers State
104
Egede (lgedde)
Benue State
105
Eggon
Plateau State
106
Egun (Gu)
Lagos State, Ogun State
107
Ejagham
Cross River
108
Ekajuk
Cross River
109
Eket
Akwa Ibom
110
Ekoi
Cross River
111
Ekpeye
Rivers State
112
Engenni (Ngene)
Rivers State
113
Epie
Rivers State
114
Esan (Ishan)
Edo State
115
Etche
Rivers State
116
Etolu (Etilo)
Benue State
117
Etsako
Edo State
118
Etung
Cross River
119
Etuno
Edo State
120
Palli
Adamawa State
121
Pulani (Pulbe)
Bauchi State, Borno State , Jigawa State , Kaduna State , Kano State, Katsina State , Kebbi State , Niger State ,
Sokoto State, Taraba State, Yobe State, etc.
122
Fyam (Fyem)
Plateau State
123
Fyer(Fer)
Plateau State
124
Ga'anda
Adamawa State
125
Gade
Niger State
126
Galambi
Bauchi State
127
Gamergu-Mulgwa
Borno State
128
Qanawuri
Plateau State
129
Gavako
Borno State
130
Gbedde
Kogi State
131
Gengle
Taraba State
132
Geji
Bauchi State
133
Gera (Gere, Gerawa)
Bauchi State
134
Geruma (Gerumawa)
Plateau State
135
Geruma (Gerumawa)
Bauchi State
136
Gingwak
Bauchi State
137
Gira
Adamawa State
138
Gizigz
Adamawa State
139
Goernai
Plateau State
140
Gokana (Kana)
Rivers State
141
Gombi
Adamawa State
142
Gornun (Gmun)
Taraba State
143
Gonia
Taraba State
144
Gubi (Gubawa)
Bauchi State
145
Gude
Adamawa State
146
Gudu
Adamawa State
147
Gure
Kaduna State
148
Gurmana
Niger State
149
Gururntum
Bauchi State
150
Gusu
Plateau State
151
Gwa (Gurawa)
Adamawa State
152
Gwamba
Adamawa State
153
Gwandara
Kaduna State, Niger State, Plateau State
154
Gwari (Gbari)
Kaduna State, Niger State, Plateau
155
Gwom
Taraba State
156
Gwoza (Waha)
Borno State
157
Gyem
Bauchi State
158
Hausa
Bauchi State, Borno State, Jigawa State,
Kaduna State, Kano State , Kastina State , Kebbi State, Niger State, Taraba State, Sokoto State, etc.
159
Higi (Hig)
Borno State, Adamawa State
160
Holma
Adamawa State
161
Hona
Adamawa State
162
Ibeno
Akwa lbom State
163
Ibibio
Akwa lbom State
164
Ichen
Adamawa State
165
Idoma
Benue State , Taraba State
166
Igalla
Kogi State
167
lgbo
Abia State , Anambra State , Benue State, Delta State ,
Ebonyi State, Enugu State , Imo State , Rivers State
168
ljumu
Kogi State
169
Ika
Delta State
170
Ikom
Cross River State
171
Irigwe
Plateau State
172
Isoko
Delta State
173
lsekiri (Itsekiri)
Delta State
174
lyala (lyalla)
Cross River State
175
lzondjo
Bayelsa State, Delta State, Ondo State , Rivers State
176
Jaba
Kaduna State
177
Jahuna (Jahunawa)
Taraba State
178
Jaku
Bauchi State
179
Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse)
Bauchi State
180
Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa)
Bauchi State , Plateau State
181
Jero
Taraba State
182
Jibu
Adamawa State
183
Jidda-Abu
Plateau State
184
Jimbin (Jimbinawa)
Bauchi State
185
Jirai
Adamawa State
186
Jonjo (Jenjo)
Taraba State
187
Jukun
Bauchi State, Benue State, Taraba State , Plateau State
188
Kaba(Kabawa)
Taraba State
189
Kadara
Taraba State
190
Kafanchan
Kaduna State
191
Kagoro
Kaduna State
192
Kaje (Kache)
Kaduna State
193
Kajuru (Kajurawa)
Kaduna State
194
Kaka
Adamawa State
195
Kamaku (Karnukawa)
Kaduna State , Kebbi State , Niger State
196
Kambari
Kebbi State, Niger State
197
Kambu
Adamawa State
198
Kamo
Bauchi State
199
Kanakuru (Dera)
Adamawa State , Borno State
200
Kanembu
Borno State
201
Kanikon
Kaduna State
202
Kantana
Plateau State
203
Kanufi
Kaduna State , Adamawa State , Borno State , Kano State, Niger State , Jigawa State , Plateau State , Taraba State, Yobe State
204
Karekare (Karaikarai)
Bauchi State , Yobe State
205
Karimjo
Taraba State
206
Kariya
Bauchi State
207
Katab (Kataf)
Kaduna State
208
Kenern (Koenoem)
Plateau State
209
Kenton
Taraba State
210
Kiballo (Kiwollo)
Kaduna State
211
Kilba
Adamawa State
212
Kirfi (Kirfawa)
Bauchi State
213
Koma
Taraba State
214
Kona
Taraba State
215
Koro (Kwaro)
Kaduna State, Niger State
216
Kubi (Kubawa)
Bauchi State
217
Kudachano (Kudawa)
Bauchi State
218
Kugama
Taraba State
219
Kulere (Kaler)
Plateau State
220
Kunini
Taraba State
221
Kurama
Jigawa State , Kaduna State , Niger State , Plateau State
222
Kurdul
Adamawa State
223
Kushi
Bauchi State
224
Kuteb
Taraba State
225
Kutin
Taraba State
226
Kwalla
Plateau State
227
Kwami (Kwom)
Bauchi State
228
Kwanchi
Taraba State
229
Kwanka (Kwankwa)
Bauchi State , Plateau State
230
Kwaro
Plateau State
231
Kwato
Plateau State
232
Kyenga (Kengawa)
Sokoto State
233
Laaru (Larawa)
Niger State
234
Lakka
Adamawa State
235
Lala
Adamawa State
236
Lama
Taraba State
237
Lamja
Taraba State
238
Lau
Taraba State
239
Ubbo
Adamawa State
240
Limono
Bauchi State , Plateau State
241
Lopa (Lupa, Lopawa)
Niger State
242
Longuda (Lunguda)
Adamawa State , Bauchi State
243
Mabo
Plateau State
244
Mada
Kaduna State, Plateau State
245
Mama
Plateau State
246
Mambilla
Adamawa State
247
Manchok
Kaduna State
248
Mandara (Wandala)
Borno State
249
Manga (Mangawa)
Yobe State
250
Margi (Marghi)
Adamawa State , Borno State
251
Matakarn
Adamawa State
252
Mbembe
Cross River State , Enugu State
253
Mbol
Adamawa State
254
Mbube
Cross River State
255
Mbula
Adamawa State
256
Mbum
Taraba State
257
Memyang (Meryan)
Plateau State
258
Miango
Plateau State
259
Miligili (Migili)
Plateau State
260
Miya (Miyawa)
Bauchi State
261
Mobber
Borno State
262
Montol
Plateau State
263
Moruwa (Moro'a, Morwa)
Kaduna State
264
Muchaila
Adamawa State
265
Mumuye
Taraba State
266
Mundang
Adamawa State
267
Munga (Mupang)
Plateau State
268
Mushere
Plateau State
269
Mwahavul (Mwaghavul)
Plateau State
270
Ndoro
Taraba State
271
Ngamo
Bauchi State , Yobe State
272
Ngizim
Yobe State
273
Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-
Ndhang)
Adamawa State , Borno State
274
Ningi (Ningawa)
Bauchi State
275
Ninzam (Ninzo)
Kaduna State , Plateau State
276
Njayi
Adamawa State
277
Nkim
Cross River State
278
Nkum
Cross River State
279
Nokere (Nakere)
Plateau State
280
Nunku
Kaduna State , Plateau State
281
Nupe
Niger State
282
Nyandang
Taraba State
283
Ododop
Cross River
284
Ogori
Kwara State
285
Okobo (Okkobor)
Akwa lbom State
286
Okpamheri
Edo State
287
Olulumo
Cross River State
288
Oron
Akwa lbom State
289
Owan
Edo State
290
Owe
Kwara State
291
Oworo
Kwara State
292
Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa)
Bauchi State
293
Pai
Plateau State
294
Panyam
Taraba State
295
Pero
Bauchi State
296
Pire
Adamawa State
297
Pkanzom
Taraba State
298
Poll
Taraba State
299
Polchi Habe
Bauchi State
300
Pongo (Pongu)
Niger State
301
Potopo
Taraba State
302
Pyapun (Piapung)
Plateau State
303
Qua
Cross River State
304
Rebina (Rebinawa)
Bauchi State
305
Reshe
Kebbi State, Niger State
306
Rindire (Rendre)
Plateau State
307
Rishuwa
Kaduna State
308
Ron
Plateau State
309
Rubu
Niger State
310
Rukuba
Plateau State
311
Rumada
Kaduna State
312
Rumaya
Kaduna State
313
Sakbe
Taraba State
314
Sanga
Bauchi State
315
Sate
Taraba State
316
Saya (Sayawa Za'ar)
Bauchi State
317
Segidi (Sigidawa)
Bauchi State
318
Shanga (Shangawa)
Sokoto State
319
Shangawa (Shangau)
Plateau State
320
Shan-Shan
Plateau State
321
Shira (Shirawa)
Kano State
322
Shomo
Taraba State
323
Shuwa
Adamawa State, Borno State
324
Sikdi
Plateau State
325
Siri (Sirawa)
Bauchi State
326
Srubu (Surubu)
Kaduna State
327
Sukur
Adamawa State
328
Sura
Plateau State
329
Tangale
Bauchi State
330
Tarok
Plateau State , Taraba State
331
Teme
Adamawa State
332
Tera (Terawa)
Bauchi State, Borno State
333
Teshena (Teshenawa)
Kano State
334
Tigon
Adamawa State
335
Tikar
Taraba State
336
Tiv
Benue State , Plateau State , Taraba State
337
Tula
Bauchi State
338
Tur
Adamawa State
339
Ufia
Benue State
340
Ukelle
Cross River State
341
Ukwani (Kwale)
Delta State
342
Uncinda
Kaduna State, Kebbi State, Niger State , Sokoto State
343
Uneme (Ineme)
Edo State
344
Ura (Ula)
Niger State
345
Urhobo
Delta State
346
Utonkong
Benue State
347
Uyanga
Cross River State
348
Vemgo
Adamawa State
349
Verre
Adamawa State
350
Vommi
Taraba State
351
Wagga
Adamawa State
352
Waja
Bauchi State
353
Waka
Taraba State
354
Warja (Warja)
Jigawa State
355
Warji
Bauchi State
356
Wula
Adamawa State
357
Wurbo
Adamawa State
358
Wurkun
Taraba State
359
Yache
Cross River State
360
Yagba
Kwara State
361
Yakurr (Yako)
Cross River State
362
Yalla
Benue State
363
Yandang
Taraba State
364
Yergan (Yergum)
Plateau State
365
Yoruba
Kwara State, Lagos State, Ogun State, Ondo State, Oyo State, Osun State, Ekiti State, Kogi State
366
Yott
Taraba State
367
Yumu
Niger State
368
Yungur
Adamawa State
369
Yuom
Plateau State
370
Zabara
Niger State
371
Zaranda
Bauchi State
372
Zarma (Zarmawa)
Kebbi State
373
Zayam (Zeam)
Bauchi State
374
Zul (Zulawa)
Bauchi State


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